Can you believe that today starts the final month of 2011? Around this time of the year, many newspapers and magazines publish articles about year-end tax planning. While year-end is certainly a good time to do tax planning, it is also a good time to take stock of your financial situation and think about broader financial issues. The following are some things that you may want to consider. I will also throw in a couple of my favorite year-end tax tips as well.
- Evaluate your financial goals. Is buying a house one of your goals? If so, do you know how much income and savings you need to buy a home without jeopardizing your other financial goals? What if your goal is to get out of debt? Do you know how much debt you have right now? Do you have an action plan to accomplish your goal? Do you see the pattern? Get information. Make a plan. Execute the plan.
- Analyze your spending and saving patterns. Different people may have different goals, but many of these goals have one thing in common. You must save money to accomplish them. Do you know your average monthly spending? Can you estimate the recurring expenses that do not occur every month or every year, such as insurance premiums, home renovation costs, and automobile purchases? Do you know what percentage of your income is being saved? If you answered “no” to any of these questions, then now is a good time to get organized.
- Are you missing any necessary insurance policies? Do you rent an apartment but have no renters insurance? Do you have a sizeable net worth but no personal umbrella policy?
- Check every beneficiary designation. Life insurance policies and retirement accounts have beneficiary designations. You can also add beneficiary designations to regular bank and investment accounts through pay-on-death or transfer-on-death provisions. Check every beneficiary designation, especially if your family situation has changed recently (e.g., getting married, having children). These beneficiary designations override any provisions in your will.
- Contribute to a Roth IRA if you are eligible. Contributing to a Roth IRA is an excellent way to invest for retirement. Assets in a Roth IRA grow tax-free as long as you meet certain requirements when you withdraw the funds. You can contribute to a Roth IRA as long as you have earned compensation (e.g., wages or self-employment income) and your modified adjusted gross income (“MAGI”) is below certain limits. If you are single, you can contribute up to $5,000 to a Roth IRA if your MAGI is less than $107,000. If you are married, you and your spouse can each contribute up to $5,000 to Roth IRAs if your joint MAGI is less than $169,000. The $5,000 limit increases to $6,000 for those age 50 and older. You can contribute to a Roth IRA even if you participate in a 401(k) plan at work. You can make a Roth IRA contribution for tax year 2011 any time before April 15, 2012.
- Consider a Roth IRA conversion. If you are in an unusually low tax bracket this year (e.g., due to a break in your career or going back to school) and you have some extra cash to invest for retirement, then consider converting some of your Traditional IRA assets into a Roth IRA. You will have to pay regular income tax on the conversion amount, but that might be a good opportunistic investment if you are temporarily in a low tax bracket. Be careful, however, that the conversion does not push you into a higher tax bracket. Also, make sure that you have cash outside of your IRA to pay the income tax due on conversion. The deadline to make a Roth IRA conversion for tax year 2011 is December 31, 2011.